Though acne is most common among teenagers, it affects people of all ages. Acne occurs when hair follicles become plugged, typically with dirt or dead skin cells. These follicles usually secrete oil to protect your skin's surface and keep it soft. However, the oil becomes trapped when your follicles are clogged, resulting in bacterial growth.
Acne typically forms on your face, forehead, chest, upper back, and shoulders due to these areas having the most oil glands. You may notice pimples which consist of raised red spots with a white center or blackheads that look like dirt stuck in your pores.
To prevent acne, you should be cautious of what may trigger or worsen your symptoms, like:
Certain hormones increase during puberty, such as androgens, which cause your oil glands to enlarge and produce more sebum (an oily, waxy substance).
Drugs containing corticosteroids, testosterone, or lithium aggravate acne by affecting your hormones or immune system.
Though stress doesn’t directly cause acne, it can worsen your symptoms if you already have acne.
Consuming certain foods rich in fat, sugar, dairy, and carbohydrates, such as bread and chips, may worsen acne.
In addition to being cautious of what medications you take, maintaining a proper diet, and limiting stress, visit Wake Forest Dermatology to speak with Dr. Matheis and learn how to cleanse and moisturize your skin type appropriately.
Acne presents itself in several different ways, including:
To receive the best treatment for your skin type, visit Wake Forest Dermatology, where Dr. Matheis takes the time to evaluate your acne and potential scarring. Depending on your age, the type and severity of your acne, and your preferred treatment method, Dr. Matheis can prescribe topical medications to apply to your skin, oral medications to take by mouth, or a combination of both.
Dr. Matheis discusses with you each medication and treatment option you consider to help you make an informed decision. The team at Wake Forest Dermatology helps you schedule regular follow-up appointments every three to six months to monitor your progress.
To learn more about acne treatment at Wake Forest Dermatology, call Dr. Matheis or use the online booking tool today to schedule an appointment.