Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer Dermatologist Wake Forest, NC

Skin Cancer Services - Wake Forest, NC

Skin cancer stands as the most prevalent cancer in the United States, posing a risk to the majority of individuals. To mitigate the risk of developing skin cancer, it’s crucial to educate yourself about preventive measures and undergo routine skin examinations by a dermatologist. At Wake Forest Dermatology in Wake Forest, North Carolina, Dr. Patricia Matheis conducts thorough skin assessments to aid in skin cancer prevention and offers tailored treatments for various skin concerns. Contact her office by phone or utilize the online booking tool today to schedule an appointment and receive an evaluation with Dr. Matheis.

Skin Cancer Q&A

What Varieties of Skin Cancer Exist?

Skin cancer manifests in three primary types, contingent upon the origin within your skin cells. These types encompass:

  1. Basal cell carcinoma: Typically arising in sun-exposed areas like the neck and face, this cancer often presents as a pearly or waxy bump, a brown scar-like lesion, or a recurring bleeding sore on the skin.

  2. Melanoma: This form of skin cancer can emerge anywhere on the body and frequently arises within existing moles. Indications of melanoma include large brownish spots with darker speckles, moles undergoing changes in color and size, or painful, dark lesions accompanied by itching or burning sensations.

  3. Squamous cell carcinoma: Predominantly found in sun-exposed regions such as the face, ears, and hands, this cancer type may manifest as a firm, red nodule or a scaly, flat lesion. Additionally, there exists nonmelanoma skin cancer, encompassing all skin cancer types other than melanoma.

What Causes Skin Cancer?

Skin cancer develops as a result of mutations in the DNA of skin cells, prompting uncontrolled growth and the formation of cancerous masses. Originating in the epidermis, the skin’s uppermost layer, cancer can develop within three main cell types: squamous cells, basal cells, and melanocytes. Dr. Matheis identifies the specific cell location to determine the type of skin cancer and appropriate treatment options.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation, primarily from sun exposure and tanning beds, stands as a prevalent cause of skin cancer due to DNA damage in skin cells. Additionally, exposure to toxic substances or compromised immune function contributes to cancer development.

How is Skin Cancer Treated?

At Wake Forest Dermatology, Dr. Matheis conducts a thorough evaluation of your skin type and potential conditions. If skin cancer is suspected, a skin biopsy is performed to obtain a sample for laboratory analysis. Upon confirmation of skin cancer, further testing determines its stage and the most suitable treatment approach. Treatment options may include:

  • Cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen to freeze cancerous tissue
  • Excisional surgery to remove cancerous tissue and surrounding areas
  • Radiation therapy or chemotherapy to eradicate cancer cells
  • Photodynamic therapy to destroy cancerous cells
  • Curettage and electrodesiccation involving scraping or burning off cancerous growths

Specializing in holistic care, Wake Forest Dermatology also offers biological therapy, leveraging the body’s immune system to combat cancer cells.

To undergo an assessment for skin cancer, contact Wake Forest Dermatology or schedule an appointment online with Dr. Matheis today.